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Praslovanský Swadesh list

Swadesh list

Utřídění do skupin
Swadesh list neobsahuje sousloví, termíny jsou proto odděleny pouze mezerami.

Non-living nature
night day year
sun moon star
ice salt stone sand dust earth mountain road
water rain river lake sea
cloud fog sky wind snow
smoke fire ashes burn

Non-living nature
tree forest stick fruit seed leaf root bark flower grass rope
animal fish bird
dog louse snake worm
Man (human being) man (adult male) woman child wife husband mother father
skin egg horn tail feather hair head ear eye nose mouth tooth tongue fingernail foot leg knee hand wing neck back breast belly
meat blood bone fat (noun) guts heart liver
live die

warm cold
rotten dirty
wet dry
sharp dull smooth
red green yellow white black
straight round
new old

Physical activities
drink eat bite suck spit vomit blow breathe laugh see hear smell sleep
kill fight hunt hit cut split stab scratch dig
swim fly (verb) walk come
hold squeeze rub
wash wipe
pull push
throw tie sew
sit stand turn fall float flow freeze swell

Mental activities
count say sing play
know think fear lie

I you (singular) he we you (plural) they
this that here there
rather properties: near far right left at in with
who what where when how
all many some few other
rather properties: one two three four five
rather properties: big small long short wide narrow thick thin heavy full
and if because correct not
good bad